Composition. To examine how the members of the Third Estate gained not only political but also economic and social power while the First and Second Estates lost power. French Revolution, revolutionary movement that shook France between 1787 and 1799 and reached its first climax there in 1789—hence the conventional term ‘Revolution of 1789,’ denoting the end of the ancien regime in France and serving also to distinguish that event from the later French revolutions of 1830 and 1848. A The aristocracy B The clergy C Middle class merchants, bankers, and lawyers D Uneducated peasants and labourers 2. French Revolution Project 3. Sept. 17, 2020. The first stage of the French Revolution was a moderate phase, when the absolutist monarchy was transformed into constitutional monarchy. The French Revolution Begins Wrld Hist 1 answer keys. The Second Estate was the Aristocracy or Nobility, which was made up of about 400,000 people. Tennis Court Oath, French Serment du Jeu de Paume, (June 20, 1789), dramatic act of defiance by representatives of the nonprivileged classes of the French nation (the Third Estate) during the meeting of the Estates-General (traditional assembly) at the beginning of the French Revolution. About 125,000 people in maybe 25,000 noble families. And 130 families from the First Estate still living in France. There were archbishops and bishops down to parish priests, monks, friars and nuns. These were people who worked for the church including priests, monks, bishops, and nuns. These people held most of the high offices in the land, got special … Back to school tips for parents supporting home learners Sales trends: 10 ways to prepare for the future of sales; Sept. 16, 2020. Representative for the Second Estate was the estate of the nobility. These people were the ones who took action first. For example, they were exempt from paying many taxes and were allowed to collect dues from the peasants. – Moreover, the possession of privileges remained a hallmark of the nobility. The first estate was the wealthiest one and only made up .5 percent of the population and owned 10 percent of the land, didn't pay taxes, and was made of clergy members of the church. YES. Learn. Willow_Watson3. The third estate, of course, had the best reason for revolution. Out of these first and second were privileged. This was the smallest estate in terms of population. Test. At the time before the French Revolution occured; everyone in France belonged to three separate classes. The 1848 Revolution in the History of France, sometimes known as the February Revolution (révolution de février), was one of a wave of revolutions in 1848 in Europe. Get an answer for 'How did the First, Second, and Third Estates impact the French Revolution?' 130,000 ordained members of the Catholic Church were part of the First Estate. First Estate - The First Estate was made up of the clergy. In France, there were three groups or estates of people. Created by. The Austrian-born wife of the king of France during the French Revolution who was known for her extravagant spending. These groups were very unequal in size and power. Second Estate- NOBLES -made up 1.5% of the population -the richest of the nobility held top jobs in government, army, courts *Not required to pay taxes* Although the Second Estate was considered to be the nobility there were some that were poor, many had some wealth, and a few were filthy rich. They owned 20% of all the land in France and paid no taxes. As a representative of this estate… Having said that, there were certainly many nobles who either embraced the Revolution … Cause of French RevolutionThe French Revolution was caused when King Louis XVI was taxing the Third Estates class but, not the frist or second estates class leaving them to get richer and richer. (b) French people were divided into three social classes or Estates – (i) the First Estate (Clergy), (ii) the Second Estate (nobility), (iii) the Third Estate (middle classes and peasant). STUDY. Social Studies 20-1 – French Revolution - Notes iii. Blog. This period debated what should be a role of the monarchy and the aristocracy … Religion was … Most of the people were members of the Third Estate. The Second Estate were the men who held positions in … French Revolution Background Second Estate (cont.) And you can tell that the Third Estate, the commoners, in fact, is going to make up no less than 99% of the population. Second Estate The second estate is made up of the nobility of France and make up 1% of the population. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. 3. The Second Estate was made up by the nobility who were wealthy enough to afford private tutors, which was the primary method of education in the late 1700s. French Revolution Sunday, 1 October 2017. In France the revolutionary events ended the July Monarchy (1830–1848) and led to the creation of the French Second Republic.. , He was known as a weak "absolute monarch" who often listened to the wishes of the Second Estate- he lost his head-literally- during the French RevolutionLouis XIV (14)Louis XV (15)Louis XVI (16), This major … These included one Prince and seven Dukes from all over France. Gravity. To understand the French Revolution from a cultural perspective, particularly the building of French nationalism, through the adoption of a national hymn (La … • The Third Estate, or the commoners of society, constituted the overwhelming majority of the French population. PLAY. The Privileges of the First and Second Estates in France in the 1780's Under the Ancien Régime, the French people were divided, according to their status, into ‘estates’ or social groups. On 26 August 1789, the Assembly published the Declaration of the Rights The second estatemad up only 1.5 … Review (French Revolution - Napoleon) Score: 1. Who would have been most likely to have read and agreed with the revolutionary ideas of the Enlightenment philosophers? Without the influence of all three estates, the French Revolution may have not ever happened. Match. The First Estate included the clergy (church leaders), the Second Estate included the nobles, and the Third Estate included the commoners. It is, however, a fair statement to say that the majority of the nobility were royalists and, of those who stayed, many were involved in the Counter-Revolution and other uprisings. The First Estate contained around 130,000 ordained members of the Catholic church: from archbishops and bishops down to parish priests, monks, friars and nuns. There were roughly 120,000 people who were members of the noble families, less than one per cent of the population but together they owned between a quarter and a third the land in France… Which of the following Estates had the largest population? Actually, in 1975 there were around 4,000 noble families in France. Following the overthrow … Like … They were very wealthy and enjoyed a carefree life. The second estate makes up about 2% of the population and owned 25% of the land in France. Prior to the revolution, French society was divided into three estates also known as orders. Among them, First and Second Estates had 10 per cent of the total population and were the clergy and nobles. The Third Estate … The French Revolution was a watershed event in modern European history that began in 1789 and ended in the late 1790s with the ascent of Napoleon Bonaparte. The Second Estate was a French social class that consisted of the nobility and the aristocracy, a mere 1.5% of the population. The French Estates Before the French Revolution, the people of France were divided into social groups called "Estates." France under the Ancien Régime (before the French Revolution) divided society into three estates: the First Estate (clergy); the Second Estate (nobility); and the Third Estate (commoners). 1. Both the First Estate and Second Estate did not want anything to change in France … – Common to all nobles were tax exemptions, especially from the taille. The first two Estates had many privileges and few responsibilities. Let’s talk about the French revolution social hierarchy in more details with following levels: The Third Estate; The Second Estate; The First Estate; According to French Political … Their only grievance was the power that the First Estate held. Spell. French Revolution xam idea class 9. ii) Division of French society: The French society was divided into three estates; first, second and third estates, respectively. Before the revolution, French society was divided into three estates or orders. Start studying Unit II Exam: The French Revolution. c. special courts d. many well paid offices reserved for nobles . Estates of the Realm and Taxation. A The Fourth Estate B The Second Estate … The third class comprised of businessman, peasants, labour etc. Of similar size, in terms of numbers, is The Second Estate or, The Nobility of 18th Century France. France had abolished its monarchy only to find itself under the rule of an emperor. Second Estate - The Second Estate was the French nobility. While French nobility aren’t a central part of French society today, the concept of noble titles and families didn’t completely die out after the Revolution. The Second Estate consisted of the French nobility, which numbered about 400,000 people. Under the Old Regime, the people of France belonged to one of three estates… Key Concepts: Terms in this set (10) How did French support of the American Revolution increase problems for King Louis XVI? Write. It accelerated the economic crisis. For revision podcasts on this topic visit http://www.mrallsophistory.com/ Second Estate: (400, 000 nobles) a. nobility (less than 2% of the population) b. enjoyed great wealth and privilege some were poor, but in defense of their traditional privileges would raise feudal taxes on the peasantry to compensate for rising prices. The Second Estate is a more complex study because they were not as uniform as the clergy in their opposition to the Revolution. The king was not considered part of any estate. Flashcards. The period from 1789 to 1799 is called as the period of the French revolution. It is difficult to give exact figures for this period, but it is estimated that the First Estate, the clergy, had around 170,000 members, the Second … Again, about half of 1% of the total population. Third Estate… There were many inequalities that contributed to the French Revolution. The Third Estate paid most of the taxes and received few benefits. The nobility occupied most of the powerful … The revolution significantly altered the French society. and find homework help for other History questions at eNotes The First Estate was regarded highly in the social order. The nobles owned about 20% of the land and had many feudal privileges. As wealthy nobles, the Second Estate's members were exempted from the corvee (forced labor on roads), the taille (direct taxation), and the gabelle (the salt tax), and the Second Estate was reluctant to reform, lest their privileges be lost to the Third Estate. 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