The red twig dogwood is an ornamental plant that is used commonly in hedges and rock gardens. Leaf buds are black and look like bristles, forming on short stalks. Some are native to the U.S. and some are not, such as the very popular Kousa Dogwood which is native to Asia. Transform your home into a woodland wonderland this Christmas with our easy ideas for festive, foraged home decor. In this usage it is called an accent tree. Something interesting about the Dogwood Tree in Tennessee. As long as you offer the tree plenty of water and sunshine, like most plants, the Dogwood will do just fine. Comments: Dogwood has excellent shock resistance, and is one of the hardest domestic woods of the United States or Canada. Historically, American dogwood was sometimes used for treating malaria instead of the drug quinine. Ceremony: The leaves of some varieties of Dogwood were used in smoking mixtures including Red Osier dogwood (C. stolonifera) and the C. rugosa type of dogwood. Autumn leaf identification quiz: can you identify these 10 trees? Viewed from Above:  Branching structure and the delightful way blossoms are borne upward on the branches make this a good choice to plant beneath balconies, high porches, and room windows that look downward on the landscape. The species name, florida, is also from Latin, flos, meaning flowery. Dogwood flowers are creamy-white and appear in clusters. Found naturally in over one-third of all Tennessee counties, Cornus florida or flowering dogwood, is among the state’s favorite trees. The flowers are small with four creamy white petals, and are produced in clusters. Although the flowers are small and grow in flat clusters, they are lovely when they appear and the berries that form in the fall and winter are highly decorative in either white or blue colors. Dogwood trees grow quickly, with a fast rate of over a foot a year. The bark of all Cornus species are rich in tannins and have been used in traditional medicine as a substitute for quinine - a drug that’s used to treat malaria and babesiosis. The fresh green, oval leaves are 6cm long, have smooth sides and characteristic curving veins. Learn more about the pests and diseases threatening our trees. How to Plant and Care for Flowering Dogwood, When planting flowering dogwood, careful site selection and some attention to regular care will be rewarded with an addition to the landscape that provides long-lasting, four-season beauty around the home, business or in lightly used areas of parks. Discover our recent challenges and successes and how you can help. Pagoda dogwood makes an excellent small tree or large shrub in a shade garden or for naturalizing. 1982873. It turns a rich red-brown in fall. Medicinal use of Flowering Dogwood: Flowering dogwood was employed medicinally by a number of native North American Indian tribes who valued it especially for its astringent and antiperiodic properties. In addition to their popularity as landscape plantings, these native North American trees have a variety of uses and even legendary significance. Credit: Frank Teigler Hippocampus Bildarchiv / Alamy Stock Photo. The tendency of its wood to not splinter made it popular for this purpose. Cornus Kousa Fruit is Edible | The Kousa Dogwood. Use 2 to 4 inches of wood chip mulch to help keep the soil cool and moist, and to reduce compaction. Types of mushroom in the UK: common identification guide, Woodland Walks podcast with Adam Shaw and Dan Snow, Foraging for natural Christmas decorations. Spreading Holiday Cheer: How One Tree Becomes 50,000, Wildfire Restoration 101: How to Drive Recovery and Prevent Future Disaster, A New Landmark: 5 Million Tree Planters Around the Globe, Replanting Paradise: On the Ground with Kieran O’Leary, Sites where soil compaction is unavoidable, Soil that becomes excessively dry in summer, Sites exposed to salt spray or air pollution problems, Excessively hot sites such as parking lots. Over 70 species found in the UK, from all the native trees to the common non-natives. For all the beauty of this tree, the common name of dogwood may come from something less lovely – “dagger.”  This, in turn, may actually come from its early use as a skewer, or thin piece of wood used to hold meat together. An old tree will stand about 5 meters tall. It becomes a focal point for viewing and adds to the beauty of the entire ensemble of plants. Writer-naturalist Donald Peattie once wrote, “Lovely as it is, dogwood stoops also to be useful.”. People make medicine from the bark. Its flowers turn into small black berries during the autumn. The scientific genus name, Cornus, derives from the Latin, cornu, or horn, in reference to another use of its hard wood. Likewise, they are nice near a patio. In small spaces where there is little foot traffic or where a mulch bed can prevent soil compaction, a dogwood tree can serve this purpose. It is also a popular ornamental plant and is used in gardens to provide autumn and winter colour. In a small, intimate space where an enclosed feeling is desired, the spreading branches of dogwood can provide a pleasant “roof.”  (Some pruning of the lowest branches might be necessary for this use.) Its wood once widely was used for tool handles, mallet heads, wedges, engraver's blocks and golf clubs. List of various diseases cured by Jamaican Dogwood. Dogwood is native throughout Europe, Asia and North America. American dogwood is a plant. 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